Protein Intake, Metabolic Status and the Gut Microbiota in Different Ethnicities: Results from Two Independent Cohorts.
Bel Lassen P, Attaye I, Adriouch S, Nicolaou M, Aron-Wisnewsky J, Nielsen T, Chakaroun R, Le Chatelier E, Forslund S
, Belda E, Bork P
, Bäckhed F, Stumvoll M, Pedersen O, Herrema H, Groen AK, Pinto-Sietsma SJ, Zwinderman AH, Nieuwdorp M, Clement K, On Behalf Of Metacardis Consortium
Protein intake has been associated with the development of pre-diabetes (pre-T2D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The gut microbiota has the capacity to produce harmful metabolites derived from dietary protein. Furthermore, both the gut microbiota composition and metabolic status (e.g., insulin resistance) can be modulated by diet and ethnicity. However, to date most studies have predominantly focused on carbohydrate and fiber intake with regards to metabolic status and gut microbiota composition.